Science and Technology Daily, Washington, December 25th. More and more people now like intermittent fasting, thinking that it can lose weight, increase energy, and even extend life. Many people think that intermittent fasting is a gimmick. In a review article published in the latest issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, Mark Matterson, a neuroscientist at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in the United States, claims that intermittent fasting is indeed effective and can lead to a healthy life Part of the way.
Intermittent fasting is usually divided into two categories: one is to eat daily for a limited time, and the daily eating time is reduced to 6 to 8 hours; the other is the so-called "5: 2 intermittent fasting", which means that you only eat two days a week A moderate meal. Mattson pointed out in the article that a series of animal and human studies have shown that intermittent fasting triggers metabolic conversion mechanisms, which is beneficial to cell health, improves blood sugar regulation, increases resistance to stress, and suppresses inflammation. In addition, intermittent fasting can reduce blood pressure, blood lipid levels, and resting heart rate, which can change risk factors associated with obesity and diabetes.
In addition to the benefits mentioned above, intermittent fasting also benefits brain health. A clinical trial at the University of Toronto in Canada found that 220 healthy, non-obese adults who had restricted their diet for two years showed signs of memory improvement in a series of cognitive tests, Mattson said. He noted that, although more research is needed to demonstrate the effects of intermittent fasting on learning and memory, if evidence is found, this diet can be an intervention to prevent neurodegeneration and dementia.
Matterson began research on the health effects of intermittent fasting 25 years ago. About 20 years ago, he also adopted this diet. He said he wrote the article to clarify the scientific and clinical applications of intermittent fasting and to help doctors guide patients who want to try intermittent fasting. Mattson pointed out that it may seem difficult to adhere to intermittent fasting, but under the correct guidance of a doctor, most people can adhere to this diet in their daily lives. The hunger and irritability associated with fasting disappear after two weeks to a month.